Sapere Aude: teoria crítica do Brasil

Podcast #1 : Privacidade e Sociedade Digital com Caitlin Mullholand (PUC-Rio) Como entender nossa privacidade nas sociedades digitais contemporâneas? De que forma podemos proteger nossos dados e que ferramentas o direito oferece para salvaguardar nossos direitos? Nesse primeiro podcast de "Sapere Aude", exploraremos essas questões com Caitlin Mulholland, Professora do Departamento de Direito da PUC-Rio … Continue reading Sapere Aude: teoria crítica do Brasil

Qu’est ce que la Nécropolitique ?

Antonio Pele L’exposition à la mort d’un nombre croissant de populations est de nos jours un phénomène global. Deux exemples. Selon la dernière étude de l’Office des Nations Unies contre la Drogue et le Crime (ONUDC), il eut 464.000 personnes tuées dans le monde par homicide en 2017, celui de la guerre étant de 89.000, cette … Continue reading Qu’est ce que la Nécropolitique ?

Armas Autônomas e Dignidade Humana: a Ética da Morte por Algoritmo

O avanço das tecnologias de inteligência artificial no campo militar permitiu uma nova categoria de armas: armas autônomas – sistemas capazes de escolher seus alvos sem intervenção humana e, do mesmo modo, acionar a arma a eles acoplada. Embora a literatura militar identifique exemplos de armas semiautônomas e mesmo alguns exemplos esparsos de armas completamente … Continue reading Armas Autônomas e Dignidade Humana: a Ética da Morte por Algoritmo

Cristina Lafont, “Should We Take the ‘Human’ Out of Human Rights? Human Dignity in a Corporate World”

Cristina Lafont contends that removing the concept of human dignity of human rights practice can produce detrimental consequences, such as – and specially – the extension of legal human rights to corporations. Evaluating the recent trend of corporate human rights, Lafont sets forth a comprehensive analysis of “the negative effects that the distinctive functions of … Continue reading Cristina Lafont, “Should We Take the ‘Human’ Out of Human Rights? Human Dignity in a Corporate World”

Eric Posner, “Why Do States comply (or Not Comply) with Human Rights Treaties?”

Eric Posner offers a remarkable economic analysis of International Law in this fifth chapter of his book "The Twilight of Human Rights Law". There are many factors that influence the praxis of International Human Rights Law and the signing and complying with human rights treaties by countries. International incentives to comply Ordinarily, countries comply with … Continue reading Eric Posner, “Why Do States comply (or Not Comply) with Human Rights Treaties?”

Hannah Arendt, “The Decline of the Nation State and the End of the Rights of Man”

In a chapter of "The Origins of Totalitarianism ", Arendt touches the subject of the minorities in the pre-World War II Europe, and makes a bold claim: the human rights can only be enforced through nationality, for rights can only be guaranteed and protected by the government of a State. Arendt analyzes the ineffectiveness of the League of … Continue reading Hannah Arendt, “The Decline of the Nation State and the End of the Rights of Man”

Apresentação da pesquisa no XXV Seminário de Iniciação Científica e Tecnológica da PUC- Rio

O grupo de pesquisa "Dignidade Humana: uma genealogia crítica" realizou sua apresentação no seminário anual da PUC-Rio e foi especialmente congratulada e bem recebida pela banca de examinadores, pesquisadores de ponta na área da Filosofia do Direito e Direito Constitucional. Após 18 meses de pesquisa, um checkpoint que representa sucesso e reconhecimento acadêmico. Com novos … Continue reading Apresentação da pesquisa no XXV Seminário de Iniciação Científica e Tecnológica da PUC- Rio

Mark Mazower, “The Strange Triumph of Human Rights”

Accompanied by the myth that Human Rights were created after the World War II as a reaction to the systematic genocide perpetrated by the nazis, there is the "optimistic" myth that is was an act of victory of good over evil, civilization over extreme barbarism. Mark Mazower, based on a solid historical investigation, intends to show that … Continue reading Mark Mazower, “The Strange Triumph of Human Rights”

Avishai Margalit, “Human Dignity between Kitsch and Deification”

"Kitsch" is a term of german origins and refers to an exaggeration of sentimentality. Kitsch, for Avishai Margalit, not only prejudicial to art, it is, too, to morality. There is kitsch art - materialised in vulgar expressions, excessively emotive, of "bad taste" - and there is kitsch morality. Carl Jung wrote that "sentimentality is the superstructure erected upon brutality". Mary Migdley, that … Continue reading Avishai Margalit, “Human Dignity between Kitsch and Deification”