Michel Foucault argues that, before the XIX century, the Man as we know didn't exist. What existed was a group of knowledges, reflections and problems related to nature, order, truth, etc. but it was never a matter of the Man. At the end of the XVIII century, the concept of humanism was invented. It was … Continue reading Michel Foucault, “Les Mots et Les Choses”
According to Stephen Riley’s main argument, the concept of human dignity qualifies the human being, creating a difference between men and animals. Therefore, this principle would be just a behavioural and anthropological development, and only those who obey normative demands of self control would be considered as bearers of dignity. This argument, on the other … Continue reading Stephen Riley, “Dignity as the Absence of the Bestial: A Genealogy”
The first notorious concept of moral economy expressed the subjective traits of the poor workers of the field. This set of beliefs, traditions, customs and values constituted their sense of equity and justice, which, in turn, guided the peasants (or proletarians) in their assessment of reasonability of the material conditions posed by economic order and … Continue reading Didier Fassin, “Moral Economies Revisited”
The Tanner Lectures on Human Values - University of California, Berkeley; April 21–23, 2009. It is already known that the concept of dignity can have many faces. In this text, Jeremy Waldron holds that the ancient notion of dignitas would be the correct one to deal with this legal principle. In this sense, our dignity would evolve from … Continue reading Jeremy Waldron – “Dignity, Rank, and Rights”
Foucault envisages the historical constitution of the subject of knowledge by means of a discourse taken as a set of stratagems that are part of the social practises. Starting from this pretension, we ask: could it be that the fundamental rights discourse generated the notion of human dignity? In other words, was the notion (at … Continue reading Michel Foucault, “Truth and Juridical Forms”. Conference I.